Thu. Feb 29th, 2024
Diabetes Treatment

Type 1 and type 2 diabetes are both chronic medical conditions. The defects in controlling the high level of blood sugar in the body cause either of Type 1 and type 2 diabetes. The same can be made regular through treatment, but once they occur in a person, it lasts a lifetime.

Type 1 and type 2 diabetes differences

Diabetes medically termed as Diabetes mellitus is a health condition where high blood sugar levels are there in the body. It is due to the lack of insulin production for the inability of the body to produce insulin in the required amounts. Insulin is a hormone produced by the pancreas in the body that controls blood glucose levels. When the glucose levels are more than needed, like after having a meal, the pancreas produces insulin which ensures the glucose gets absorbed by the body. The lack of insulin or a drop in levels of insulin production creates a variation in blood sugar levels, causing diabetes.

Both type 1 and type 2 diabetes are not similar disease conditions, and the symptoms and the effects they cause on the body are different. That is why both of them have different treatments, as well.

Type 1 Diabetes:

There are several different names for this diabetes, and they are insulin-dependent diabetes, juvenile-onset diabetes. This type of diabetes is often seen from childhood and is an autoimmune health condition in the person. A person with Type 1 Diabetes produces antibodies that attack its pancreas to stop the production of insulin, causing high blood sugar levels. The common reason for this diabetes is genetically developed.

Type 1 Diabetes causes damage of blood vessels in various parts of the body, causing:

  • Diabetic retinopathy – eyes
  • Diabetic neuropathy – nerves
  • Diabetic nephropathy – kidneys

Heart disease and even heart stroke would be the severe effects of having Type 1 Diabetes.

Type 2 Diabetes:

The most common type of diabetes observed in 95% of the adults nowadays constitutes to type 2 diabetes. It is called adult-onset diabetes which is common in people aged above 40. But due to the issues of obesity and overweight seen in kids, this type 2 diabetes is commonly seen in teenagers as well. This diabetes is milder considered to type 1 and is called non-insulin-dependent diabetes. In people who have type 2 diabetes, the pancreas produces insulin, but this insulin is either insufficient for the body or the body cells are resistant to the insulin produced. Insulin resistance is a condition majorly observed in the people who are obese and the fat, liver, and muscle cells in the body become entirely resistant to the insulin.

The blood vessels in kidneys, nerves, and eyes are affected in people having type 2 diabetes, and heart-related issues are also the significant risks that are present.

Type 1 and type 2 diabetes treatments:

Having blood sugar levels in a controlled manner is the main objective while treating a person suffering from either Type 1 or type 2 diabetes.

Pregnant, breastfeeding women should consult the doctor regarding the treatment for proper care. People with any other health conditions should check for the appropriate dosage and methods to follow during the treatment to avoid any troubles.

Treatment of type 1 diabetic patient include:

  • Regular checking of blood sugar levels
  • Proper diet planning and continuity
  • Exercises
  • Insulin intake and medications as prescribed by a healthcare provider
  • Toujeo, insulin injection is a medicine used to control blood sugar levels

Treatment of type 2 diabetic patient include:

  • Weight reduction is the first step as obesity is one of the main reason for the occurrence of this type of diabetes
  • Regular exercise and work out
  • Diabetes medications and oral prescriptions, as suggested by the healthcare provider.
  • Insulin intake as per dosage informed by the doctor upon failure of control with exercise or other medications
  • Toujeo, insulin injection is a medicine used to control blood sugar levels
  • Regular blood check to the sugar levels

Having a strict diet plan and following it plays a major role in the maintenance of blood sugar levels. Eat less unhealthy fatty foods, keep a count on carbs intake, take fiber-rich food along with eating diabetes superfoods will improve the sugar levels regularly and organically.

Enjoy a healthy and diabetes controlled life by following proper diet and insulin intake as suggested by the doctor.

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